The Nightmare Life without Fuel

Lesson 12

The Nightmare Life without Fuel: by Isaac Asimov

 

Summary

 

"The Nightmare Life without fuel" depicts the American situation of 1990s. Through this St. Isaac Asimov shots, the destructive effect of fuel crisis. He says that people have been using natural resources haphazardly and in recent future the limited amount of fuel will end. So, we will face multiple problems such as starvation, famine, crimes, diseases and death.

 

Asimov says that it is 1997 Because of lack of fuel, few buses and trains are overcrowded. It is impossible to go for work using bicycle because of heavy rain. So, walking is only solution. The single work available still today is breaking the building. Coal is difficult to dig up, nuclear fission is very dangerous and nuclear fusion is impossible to me Solar batteries are not effective and they are very expensive also. In such situation, only rich con ride car for short time. Finally, car will be done into hardware materals.

 

Asimov discusses various advantages of the lack of fuel. He says that there will be clean environment. In pollution less environment, people will not suffer from common cold. The crime rates will decrease and police will be back at beats Streets will be full of people and there will be equality and mutual cooperation. In winter, people will take sunlight in the park and wear woolen clothes. In summer, people will sit under the shadow.

 

More than merits, lack of fuel has multiple demerits. People can't go from one place to another place. The people of suburbs will suffer a lot because they can't sell their product. Remaining fuel will be used for agricultural purpose but at least it will be finished. At first poor countries will suffer from starvation. Lack of food and energy unilateral laugh infant mortality. Aasimar says that population will decrease frm 5.5 million to 2 billion. The future people will the brain danner. Army will be just burden for the nation as it des more fuel consumption, se Miy till be useless Because f starvation, disease, high infant mortality and the moorid population will decrease into less than one billion Midtimes will be replaced in human muscles. Do. people have to work hard for survival. Work, sleep and enting will be great achievement. Finally, Asimov says that it is impossible to stop this problem If we had better 50 wurs back, it would have some solution But at present, we do nothing.

 

 

 Short Answer Questions

 

1. What does ‘The Nightmare Life Without Fuel’ particularly deal with? [5]

 

2076 Partial E Q.No.5d

 

The essay The Nightmare Life without fuel" is written by the Russian writer Isaac Asimov. He deals with the disadvantages and advantages of fuel crisis in the essay. His concerns are about the fuel shortage in the present world. He has given us the instances from America about how the fuel storage directly or indirectly relates to human life and its adverse impacts: The shortage of fuel resources will result into the preindustrial age of hunger, darkness and cold People might die with hunger and starvation. Life will be the trilogy of eating, sleeping and working. The writer kindly advises us to preserve the existing natural resources that give us the enormous fuel to sustain life.

 

The essay "The Nightmare Life without Fuel' originally published in the Time magazine in 1977 portrays America in the late 1990s, where the existing fuel resources have reduced this developed and rich nation to miserable condition of dark and dirty replica of the pre-industrial 1800s. America is just a small example to show how dwindling fuel resources have been reducing. The central essence of this essay is considerable that the worst condition may come il we do not preserve the natural resources of the world Thus, the essay beautifully deals with the problems brought about by the reducing fuel resources



2. What does the author mean when he says the suburbs were born with the auto, lived with the auto, and are dying with the auto? (5)

 

2073 Set C Q.No.5c

 

"The Nightmare Life without Fuel" depicts the American situation of 1990s Through this essay Isaac Asimov shows the destructive effect of fuel crisis. He says that people have been using natural resources haphazardly and in recent future the limited amount of fuel will end. So, we will face multiple problems such as starvation, famine, crimes, diseases and death. One of the areas so affected will be suburban area according to Asimov He says the existence of the suburban areas is because of the movement of automobiles They survive because of automobile as the only means of transportation for the movement of goods and services are automobiles Asimov is serious to envision the death of the suburban. When the fuel resources of the world disappear, the suburban also disappear because there will no more be the movement of automobiles. The pushcarts will be the realities of the suburban areas and they will die Sooner or later



3. According to the author, what will be the advantages of fuel crisis? [5]

 

2058 Q.No.5c, 2069 Q.No.5b and 2073 Partial A Q.No.5d

 

Asimoy humorously presents the advantages of the fuel crisis in his essay The Nightmare Life without Fuel. It is his purpose to make the humanity to the preservation of fuel resource. The advantages thus provided by him are too ignored and little in comparison of the serious disadvantages of death and destruction. Quite surprisingly Isaac Asimov has listed out some advantages of fuel crisis He tells the fuel crisis will make the air cleaner. As the result, less people will suffer from cold Crime rate will come down. The police would be present in their beats and people will be able to walk on the streets in late nights. The world will be without armies and arms. We would have peace in the world. But if we look into these advantages seriously, they also indicate the problems of the fuel shortage. For example, the air will become pure not due to our inability to drive vehicles or run factories So the air will become cleaner only at the cost of human comfort. Similarly, the crime rate will be found low because the police will be unable to patrol on the roads or reach crime scene. Thus, they cannot keep record of crime due to fuel crisis. The American will be walking on streets in late nights because they will be compelled to do so. They won't be able to afford vehicles even at the late nights or in time of emergency.


4. What does "The Nightmare Life Without Fuel" tell us? (5)

 

2072 Set D Q.No.5c

 

The essay, The Nightmare Life without Fuel" tells us to conserve the dwindling fuel resources. By giving the example of the USA, Asimov generalizes the case to warn against the unwise use of fuel resources. By mockingly talking about the advantages of fuel resources, the writer suggests us about the protection Fuel is nonrenewable natural resource which needs to be protected in due course of time. If not, we have to live the life of the horrible nightmare: Pre 18th century life of hunger disease, starvation and coldness and darkness. He also tells that if the ratio of fuel consumption continues like that the existing population will be reduced to a billion by hunger and starvation. However this is his prediction based on the hypothesis.

 

 


5. What kind of serious problems could a fuel shortage cause? [5]

 

2075 Set B Q.No.5d and 2071 Set B Q.NO.5d

 

Isaac Asimov predicts the post 1990s America in particular and the world in general in the shortage of fuel resources. In the essay The Nightmare Life without Fuel", Isaac Asimov has tried to foresee into future when human will have to suffer from extreme fuel crisis. He believes that the shortage of fuel resource causes the serious problem like death of the human being and the starvation. Moreover, he conjures that the present world will go back to pre- industrial 18 century of coldness, darkness and hunger and life will be a monotonous trilogy of eating sleeping and working without luxury. According to Asimov, the American life with fuel shortage will be changed into a nightmarish life. They will find themselves unable to keep private vehicles and have to travel in crowded public transport. The factories will stop production and they will have to rescue the metal parts from old and demolished buildings. Inside the house, they won't be able to operate AC's, heaters of refrigerators. Hardly any Americans will be able to lit lights after supper. In short, they will have to live inside their dark cold and cave like houses. The fuel shortage will put the human settlements in and end in suburbs The American government will have to overlook the personal interests of his citizen. They will only allow the railway to use the coal. The remaining energy will be used by agriculture sector. The car factories will start producing agricultural machines. This will grow the agricultural product in America. But the price of food will knowingly kept high. This will discourage the people to buy more food and allow the government to export them as it will be the only source of national income. The condition outside America will be more pathetic. There will be widespread starvation, as only one out five people will get sufficient food About 80% people will suffer from hunger. Around 2 billion will have their brain permanently damaged. Human muscles and beasts of burden will replace the use of machines. They will have to work for longer hours with less leisure time and amusement. Even then there won't be any guarantee of food. In short, the whole human race will be doomed to languish in the hell like situation



Long Answer Questions

 

6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of fuel crisis? Who will be affected much by the shortage of fuel? [10]

 

2076 Set BQ.No.4b

 

Asimov presents both the advantages and disadvantages of the fuel crisis in his essay The Nightmare Life without Fuel". The advantages thus provided by him are too ignored and little in comparison of the serious disadvantages of death and destruction Quite surprisingly, Isaac Asimov has listed out some advantages of fuel crisis. But the writer says that there are certain advantages of fuel crisis. He says that people can get fresh air If a man feels cold, he will get the opportunity for sitting in the sun. People can walk freely at night Local parks can be fulfilled. The crime rate will be decreased. Roads will be full of people and there will natural understanding in the crowd. There will be pollution of noise. Military forces will be controlled If there is no smoke the people will not use smell of sent. The police or security service will not be necessary and the population growth rate also will be decreased.

 

Focusing on the disadvantages of fuel crisis, Asimov writes life will be full of struggle without fuel resources. This world will slowly go dark, as less lighting bulbs will be there in the streets. Electrical appliances will be used less as there will also be scarcity of electricity Even luxurious provisions and equipment will be impossible. More time will be taken to do simple work also as there won't be any vehicle running in the streets. There will be difficulty in transportation and accumulation of required foodstuffs. Due to the shortage of food, people will die due to starvation and malnutrition. Due to lack of proper balanced diet, there will be problem in human brains. Child death rate will increase, as children will be deprived of proper nutritious and body building food. Specially, simple towns, suburbs will be affected much. These areas depend upon transportation for all kinds of things They will be in danger of extinction. Every human activity will be minimized due to less light, heat, and less comfort.

 

Security forces will also be affected badly. Without the use of weapons, military forces will be purposeless. Their work will end because they can't work without fuel. They use scientific weapons, which are operate with fuel and are very expensive. Only the technically strong countries will be able to exercise their military power if fuel is saved in time. Factory workers will be jobless as industries and factories will be closed. So, it will be very difficult for them to provide basic needs to their family. Finally, the world's population will decrease in to a billion and we have to live the pre industrialized life of darkness, coldness and hunger. Obviously, the shortage of fuel resource will affect human beings mostly Children, soldiers, workers, common public and business persons will largely be affected by the shortage of fuel resources. The people of third world countries and other part of the world will be affected. But the American people will be mostly affected according to Asimov.



7. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages caused by the shortage of fuel, the disadvantages are powerful and long lasting. Explain this statement in the context of Nightmare Life Without Fuel. [10]

 

2076 Set C Q.No.4c

 

In the essay "The Nightmare Life without Fuel", Isaac Asimov talks about the serious problems of fuel crisis. But very interestingly, he presents the advantages of fuel crisis in the essay. He says that there are certain advantages of fuel crisis He says that people can get fresh air. If a man feels cold, he will get the opportunity for sitting in the sun People can walk freely at night Local parks can be fulfilled. The crime rate will be decreased Roads will be full of people and there will natural understanding in the crowd. There will be pollution of noise. Military forces will be controlled. The police or security service will not be necessary and the population growth rate also will be decreased. But in comparison to the advantages there are many disadvantages discussed by the author.

 

The world's fuel resources are finished, there will not be use of cars and vehicles People must carry their loads on animals. People must work all day. They suffer from starvation. People must walk many miles on foot. When they lack fuels, they will be useless. The death rate of child will be increased on the lack of fuel crisis. Shortage of food will be the cause of death of people. Coal is too difficult to dig up The destroyed cities become a source of mineral mines. Nuclear fission is found out to be dangerous Because of the fuel crisis, vehicles will be disappeared. The only way to deliver food is lay cart. There will not be certainty for food but there will be conformity for works and sleep. People will suffer from diseases, darkness and violence. The adult's minds will be damaged. The disadvantages are powerful and long lasting. The hunger and starvation, undernourishment unemployment, and finally the huge reduction of human population due to cold, darkness and hunger are the nightmares.

 

Similarly, the author sees the long-term problems in the advantages as well For example, the air can't become pure due to our inability to drive vehicles or run factories So the air will become cleaner only at the cost of human comfort. Similarly, the crime rate will be found low because the police will be unable to patrol on the roads or reach crime scene. Thus, they cannot keep record of crime due to fuel crisis. The Americans will be walking on streets in late nights because they will be compelled to do so They won be able to afford vehicles even at the late nights or in time of emergency In this context Asimov presents the disadvantages of fuel crisis which definitely appear to be powerful and lasting.



8. What specific problem does Asimov mention in his essay “The Nightmare life without fuel”?

 

2063 Q.No.4c and 2075 Set A Q.No.4a

 

Isaac Asimov focuses on the specific problem of fuel crisis in context of America in his article. "The Nightmare Life without Fuel" Asimov focuses on the decreasing resources of fuel in the world. The life will be full of struggle without fuel resources. This world will slowly go dark, as less lighting bulbs will be there in the streets. Electrical appliances will be used less as there will also be scarcity of electricity. Even luxurious provisions and equipment will be impossible More time will be taken to do simple work also as there won't be any vehicle running in the streets There will be difficulty in transportation and accumulation of required foodstuffs. Due to the shortage of food, people will die due to starvation and malnutrition. Due to lack of proper balanced diet, there will be problem in human brains. Child death rate will increase, as children will be deprived of proper nutritious and body building food. Specially, simple towns, suburbs will be affected much. These areas depend upon transportation for all kinds of things They will be in danger of extinction. Every human activity will be minimized due to less light, heat, and less comfort.

 

Security forces will also be affected badly. Without the use of weapons, military forces will be purposeless. Their work will end because they can't work without fuel. They use scientific weapons, which are operate with fuel and are very expensive. Only the technically strong countries will be able to exercise their military power if fuel is saved in time. Factory workers will be jobless as industries and factories will be closed. So, it will be very difficult for them to provide basic needs to their family also.

 

By focusing in this specific problem, he says that it is indeed a serious issue to preserve the dwindling natural resources and if we do not think positively, will devastate our society, and nation which are completely dependent on fuel. The condition of poor nation will be perilous and the women and children's mortality rate will increase and those who remain alive also suffer from bad health. Therefore, Asimov strongly recommends us to preserve the fuel resources so as to secure our future. We don't have any option except maximizing the minimum. Since fuel is the non-renewal natural resource we must be serious on its protection.




9. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of fuel crisis. [10]

 

2067 Q.No.4a and 2074 Partial Q.No.4a

 

Asimov humorously presents the advantages and disadvantages of the fuel crisis in his essay The Nightmare Life without Fuel t is his purpose to make the humanity to the preservation of fuel resource. The advantages thus provided by him are to ignored and little in comparison of the serious disadvantages of death and destruction.

 

Quite surprisingly Isaac Asimov has listed out some advantages of fuel oils. He tells the fuel crisis will make the air cleaner. As the result less people will suffer from cold Crime rate will come down The police would be present in their beats and people will be able to walk on the streets in late nights The world will be without armies and arms We would have peace in the world But we look into these advantages seriously, they also indicate the problems of the fuel shortage For example, the air will become pure not due to our inability to drive vehicles or nun factories. So, the air will become cleaner only at the cost of human comfort Similarly, the crime rate will be found low because the police will be unable to patrol on the reads or reach crime scene. Thus, they cannot keep record of crime due to fuel crisis. The American will be walking on streets in late nights because they will be compelled to do so. They won't be able to afford vehicles even at the late nights or in time of emergency Thus the essay is more about the disadvantages of the fuel crisis.

 

Focusing on the disadvantages of fuel crisis Asimov writes life will be full of struggle without fuel resources This world will slowly go dark, as less lighting bulbs will be there in the streets Electrical appliances will be used less as there will also be scarcity of electricity Even luxurious provisions and equipment will be impossible. More time will be taken to do simple work also as there won't be any vehicle running in the streets. There will be difficulty in transportation and accumulation of required foodstuffs. Due to the shortage of food, people will die due to starvation and malnutrition. Due to lack of proper balanced diet, there will be problem in human brains. Child death rate will increase, as children will be deprived of proper nutritious and body building food Specially, simple towns suburbs will be affected much. These areas depend upon transportation for all kinds of things. They will be in danger of extinction Every human activity will be minimized due to less light, heat, and less comfort.

 

Security forces will also be affected badly Without the use of weapons military forces will be purposeless Their work will end because they can't work without fuel, They use scientific weapons, which are operate with fuel and are very expensive. Only the technically strong countries will be able to exercise their military power if fuel is saved in time. Factory workers will be jobless as industries and factories will be closed So, it will be very difficult for them to provide basic needs to their family Finally the world's population will decrease in to a billion and we have to live the pre industrialized life of darkness coldness and hunger.

 

In this way in the essay, Asimov warns the American in particular and world in general against the disadvantages of fuel shortages Though he talks about the advantages, they are too simple in comparison to the disadvantages



10. Drawing ideas from The Nightmare Life Without Fuel and using your own, discuss what will happen if the fuel resources of the world are finished [10]

 

2065 Q.No.4c

 

"The Nightmare Life without Fuel", a powerful article by Asimov, predicts the world without fuel resources He hypothesizes that the world without fuel resources will change in the pre-industrial age of 18th century of hunger, darkness and cold. This will lead to the deaths and destruction where world will have only a billion populations with dramatic reduction from six billion.

 

If the world's fuel resources are finished there will not be use of cars and vehicles People must carry their loads on animals People must work all day. They suffer from starvation. People must walk many miles on foot. When they lack of fuels, they will be useless The death rate of child will be increased on the lack of fuel crisis. Shortage of food will be the cause of death of people Coal is too difficult to dig up. The destroyed cities become a source of mineral mines. Nuclear fission is found out to be dangerous. Because of the fuel crisis, vehicles will be disappeared. The only way to deliver food is lay cart. There will not be certainly for food but there will be confirm for works and sleep. People will be suffered from diseases, darkness, and violence. The adult's minds will be damaged.

 

But the writer says that there are certain advantages of fuel crisis. He says that people can get fresh air. If a man feels cold, he will get the opportunity for sitting in the sun People can walk freely at night. Local parks can be fulfilled. The crime rate will be decreased Roads will be full of people and there will natural understanding in the crowd. There will be pollution of noise Military forces will be controlled and reduced it If there is no smoke, the people will not use smell of sent. The police or security service will not be necessary and the population growth rate also will be decreased

 

But the writer says that people will have invented new resources. Nuclear energy and its power will be discovered Only the United States and Soviet Union con keep tanks of petrol He sees no hope of correcting this situation. But also Asimov says that the remaining resources will be properly used. It is too late for conserving.  And for this he says that the American government is responsible. Otherwise, we will be back into the pre-industrial age. The future imagined by Asimov is very dark. But we can still individual we take stand of saving fuel today, we may not run out of it on the near future unit under energy source is found But now, we can do anything except looking at the suddenly falling of the world.



11. What will happen if we do not conserve the world's natural resources? (10)

 

2056 Q.No.4c, 2057 Q.No.4a and 2062 Q.No.4c

 

By giving an example of late nineties America, Asimov predicts what will happen if we don't preserve the world's fuel resources in the essay “The Nightmare Life without Fuel" He thinks the prosperous countries like America will be reduced to a cold, dark and dirty replica of pre-industrial 1800 when fuel begin to run out or we do not preserve the fuel resources in the future, He predicts a very grim picture of the world in the lack of the non-renewable resource like fuel

 

The major thrust focus) of this essay is what is going to happen if we don't conserve the world natural resources. Throughout the essay the writer depicts the nightmare life without the fuel. Because of the fuel crises in 1997, only very rich people can have the car. Life also will be worse outside the city area in the suburb as due to the fuel crises. The people will have to live in suburbs pushing the carts for the imports. Asimov believes the people in suburb will suffer more if the road is blocked and they can't buy a lot of food at one time and use the refrigerator either Because of the difficulty of the distribution of the food, Americans will be forced to eat less.

 

The situation of the people outside America will also be complex if we do not preserve the fuel resources No more than 20% of population has enough food to eat. The first and foremost helpless victim of this starvation will be the babies after their mothers go dry because of the lack of nutrition About 40% of the people manage to keep their bodies working but that is not enough for their brain. The people will be alive but they will permanently be brain-damaged because of under nutrition. Moreover because of the fuel crises there will no more be armies and the use of their arms because they will be expensive for, they consume a lot of energy.

 

The writer further depicts the nightmare be without fuel by informing that machines will have to be replaced by the human muscles t we do not preserve the fuel resources or the fuel run out in the near future People will have to work like machine with no free time. Similarly, they will not have T.V, movie and news book for a long time to enjoy Work, Sleep and Eating will be became the most important aspects of their life in the future according to the writer it the fuel resource is not protected. The day will almost return to the day of 18th century to the day before machine, industry. technology and the population of the world will be reduced from 5.5 billion to 1 billion because of hunger diseases and starvation.

 

To sum up, the writer suggests us to preserve and protect the fuel resources of the world by showing this grim future of the world in the shortage of fuel resources.

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