Principles of management, meaning and importance

“A principle is a rule or belief governing one’s personal behavior. It is a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior or for a chain of reasoning.” Principle is a fundamental statement of truth that establishes a cause and effect relationship between two or more variables. Principles are a guide to thought and action. If any principles are applied results are expected. Descriptive principles describe the relationship between variables and prescriptive principles indicate what a person should do for the betterment of his interest to achieve prosperity.

Principle of management is concerned with managerial aspect of organization. It is believed that management is as old as mankind however systematic approaches to management are the outcome of efforts made in 20th century.

Nature of management principles

  • Management principles are flexible and change with change in environment thus cannot be regarded as final truth. Principles should be applied according to need, place time and social culture. Continuous research re to be carried out.
  • Management principles are relative and are applied according to the needs of particular organization.
  • Management involves the direction of human behavior in an organization which are directed towards regulating human for best result.
  • Management principles establish cause and effect relationship. The effects are based on management principles which are based on predictions based upon division of labor which results efficiency. Here division of labor is cause and efficiency is result.


Importance of management principles

  • Improving efficiency of managers: Management principles serve as a guideline for doing work with greater efficiency. These principles help managers to take a more realistic view of different managerial problems and to direct human behavior effectively. The conscious manager can become more effective by using the established management principles to solve problems.
  • Improving art of management: Management principles help in improving the art of management by suggesting how things should be done to get good results in an efficient manner. These principles provide a means of organizing knowledge and experience in management.
  • Useful for research and practical guidance: The network of management principles represents a key area for conducting research studies. These principles have expanded the horizons of knowledge and promoted further research. These principles have provided new ideas, imagination and vision to the organization.
  • Helpful in management training: Management principles are also needed to train managers. These principles provide a conceptual framework for systematic training and development of future managers. New techniques of management training make training programs more meaningful and efficiency.
  • Useful for spreading knowledge: Management principles are useful for spreading knowledge of management through teaching. The teaching of management principles continues to be an integral part of management education. These principles help to develop an organized body of knowledge by management practitioners, thinkers and philosophers.
  • Evaluating the behavior of managers: Management principles prescribe what one should do to improve things in some ways. These principles attempt to prescribe and evaluate the behavior of the managers of the organization.
  • Attaining social goals: Management principles have helped to attain the social goals by increasing efficiency and productivity in the use of scarce resources. The supply of quality goods at a reasonable price boosts social welfare.

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