Malini

Lesson 17

Malini: Rabindranath Tagore

 

Summary

 

Characterization of Malini

 

"Malini" is poetic play of love and hatred. It presents the conflict between Hindus and Buddhism. Love, truth and peace are major aspect of this play for spiritual pleasure. But, sometimes petty selfishness takes the name of love and becomes the matter of hatred. Malini is the princess of kashi, the symbol of love, truth and non-violence. She is taught by the Buddhist: monk. So, she lives very simple life in spite of thin material prosperity (richness) in the palace. She does not follow traditional old religion. It is based on the gods of books. She always supports truth and speaks against falsehood. When king and urine become ready to finish, she is not worried at all. She desires self-punishment to free Herself from royal boundary. She herself among the people and tries to feel the misery of society She is not satisfied to the comfort and pleasure of palace. She wants to link palace to the common people. So, she invites Brahmins in her house.

 

Malini is unknown to the property, at suffering of the outer world. To know the bitter reality, she changes herself in to a simple village girl, goes to the people and eats to help them. Malini is like a light to spread the message of Humanity and truth. So, her mother calls her ‘a pure flame of fire’. Brahmins call her ‘the mother of the world'. She wants to lead them to the pathless sea of life, there is equality, love and humanity.

 

Malini requests king to forgive Kemankar. She knots that he is a trainer but for Malini forgiving is divine virtue of man. Kemankar kills Supriya, who is near and dear to malini. Still, malini requests king to excuse him. It shows that Malini is girl of divine knowledge. She is a guider of all on the path of truth humanity, virtue, and non-violence.

 

Relationship between Kamenkar and Supriya/Betrayer in the play Different between Kemankar and Supriya.

 

"Malini" is a poetic play of love and hatred. Supriya and kamenkar are very close friend from their childhood. Both of them love each other. Kamenkar strictly follows his old religion Hinduism and its norms. So, he is against new creed of Malinli. He wants to banish Malini to sane the holy land of Hinduism, But Supriya is against the banishment of an innocent girl Malinli. For him religion of practice is Higher than the religion of old books. Supriya highly impressed from the practical view of Malin which is related to love and truth. For him people from various attitudes om stay on the sante land as different stars are placed in the sky peacefully.

 

Supriya and Kaminkar are firm in their decision dt first. But when Kinkar goes out of the nation, coldness begins in their intimate relation Kamar does not believe in his pun national soldier. He wants to bring foreign soldiers to this sense he is reasoner and betrayer of his owe motherland He asks his friend Supriya to remain there and keep him informed. Supriya suresh him to help but later he discloses the plan of Kamankar to the king. When Supriya engages with Malini, le deceives us childhood friend. So, Supriya is also betrayer. Finally, Supriya requests king to forgive Kamankar but Kamankar votes to complete his remaining task if he is released. He kills his intimate friend Supriya and calls for his own execution.

 

To sum up, Supriya and Kamankar both are betrayer, one betrays friend and next to his kingdom. At last, bits of them are ready to face death, Supriya does not reject his friend's desire and says "friend let it be as you wish” and Kamankar is also ready do die. Their intimate friendship ends in painful death.

 

Central theme/ message/ concern of Malini

 

Malini is a poetic play begins with conflict and ends in suspense. It is the play of love and hatred. It shows the conflict between Hinduism and Buddhism, which ends in to the death of intimate friends Supriya and Kamankar. Major character of the play Malini represents love, truth and humanity. Although she follows new creed in old ancestral land but she behaves equally to all. She wants her own banishment to know the miserable condition of the people. She goes out of the palace by changing herself in our simple girl and tries to teach them. She is not tempted toward the luxury of palace. She connects palace with public. So, people call her goddess, who were demanding her banishment at first.

 

Kamankar and Supriya are very intimate friends from their childhood. They are different in attitude. Kamankar wants to banish Malini to save his ancient land from new creed. So, he goes foreign land to collect armies and fight against own kingdom. He is treasoner and betrayer to his own mother land. Supriya is against the banishment of Malini. He betrays his friend by telling us plans to the king. Kamankar seems bold to his decision up to the end of this play. He is ready to face death. Before that he kills his own friend Supriya. This is the climax part of the play.

 

In anger, King asks for his sword to kill Kamankar but Malini requests king to forgive him. There is no further action given to us. In my thinking, King must have given death penalty to the Kamankar. It is because he has killed Supriya, who is very near to king and had saved him from Kamankar’s attack. Next side, Kamankar has already informed him that If he is released. he will complete his remaining task. King does not want to be attacked over himself by freeing Kamankar. So, he must have killed Kamankar at the end.



Short Answer Questions

 

1. Why does Malini banish herself from the palace? Why do the Brahmins bring her back to the palace?

 

2063 Q.No.5d, 2071 Set B Q.No.5c, 2075 Partial D Q.No.5d and 2076 Set B Q.No.5d

 

Malini of the play "Malini" by Rabindranath Tagore, asks for her own banishment in the play. After being enlightened by the Buddhist preaching, Malini doesn't appear like a common prince. She appears like a pure fame of fire: On the other hand, there are the Brahmins led by Kamankar demanding her banishment The time was really difficult for the palace As the King, he has to fulfill the demand of the citizens and banish his own daughter Malini understands this better and asks for her own banishment. Next reason is mat Malini is the epitome of love and kindness She knows now that by spending a luxurious life in the palace she can't understand the pains and suffering of the outside worlds She wants to feel the pain of the poor outside the palace She has this noble purpose and thus for her own banishment. She doesn't find any happiness, pleasures and comforts inside the palace boundary. But the Brahmins who are the followers of traditional old religion believe that members of royal family should spend their life in comforts: When Malini comes with a new creed in the country and in the royal palace, the Hindu Brahmins demand the banishment of Malini, Malini thinks that the outside world wants her, thus willingly becomes their part. She wants to teach the Brahmins the real meaning of love. kindness, truth and humanity.



2. Does Malini challenge any religion? What seems her purpose? Why do people like Kemankar protest? [5]

 

2076 Set C ONo.5c

 

“Malini" is a poetic play by Rabindranath Tagore Malini, the protagonist of the play does it challenge any religion. Her intention is not to challenge a religion but to make people understand what hatred can't be the essence of any religion. Indeed, she is the follower of Buddhism, but she knows to respect every religion. The Hindu Brahmins bow in front of her because of true sense of love. She even les herself to the world of common people. So, her intention is not bad. She loves every religion equally, though forwards the idea of love adopted by Buddhist Religion by being the monk. In this context, her purpose seems to be noble She aims at bringing peace in the society. Malini wants to unite all the people and bind them together with true ideal of love, truth and honesty. Her purpose is to teach the people the meaning and power of love.

 

The people like Kemanker protest against love and truth. They are ardent in religion. They don’t like to change but become the shadow and echo of their religion. On the other hand, they seem to be afraid of the truth. The protesters like Kemanker think that the religion will be shadowed by the new religion. They seek religion but not the peace and harmony in the society.

 

In short, Malini doesn't challenge religion rather challenges the mindset of the people who can be think beyond the traditional religion. Kemanker like people are there just to disturb the people who are made for love and honesty.


3. What are the Brahmins demanding for? Why?

 

2058 Q.No.5d, 2069 Q.No.5d, 2074 Partial Set C Q.No.5c and 2076 Partial D Q.No.5c

 

Although Supriya and Kemanker are the friends and Hindus. They are seen different in their characters. Supriya seems liberal Hindu and is rather dynamic whereas Kemanker is so staunch and orthodox in his principle in other words in comparison to Supriya, Kemanker is firm and strong While Supriya's thought always licker with doubts, Kamankar is determined in what he does He can hold his mind and can the strongest decision Nothing can shake him. He does what he thinks is good or correct He takes action according to his mind not what his heart pleads for. He does not take time to think about others opinion though other is correct Once what his mind confirms something as true, to gets into it, he can go to any extent for example, he kills his own friend because he has done something that an ardent Hindu never does.

 

Supriya is different from Kemanker He does not have his own decision His thoughts are always shaking Sometimes he works what his mind says and sometimes does what his heart calls for. This might be good in some place and at other it might create problems. He is of the habits of listening others too. He does not stick to his own thought. He gives value to others beliefs and faith. Unlike Kemanker he doesn't become the shadow and echo of the religion He is a man of change and reformation Supriya is realistic character whereas Kemanker an ideal one. Supriya harbors love and truth kindness and peace, but his friend Kemanker embraces hatred and tricks rebel and revenge and violence. Thus, both the characters are different in number of ways.


4. How is the character of Supriya different from that of Kemanker?

 

2062 Q.No.5d and 2075 Partial E Q.No.5d

 

The play, "Malini," centers in the conflict between Brahmins and Malini. Malini refers Buddhism whereas Brahmins are the Hindus. The Brahmins are asking for her banishment because Malini has brought the new creed in the land of old. It was the land of Hindu Kingdom. But King's daughter was following Buddhist religion. These Brahmins thought that by bringing the new creed into this land of old, Malini is polluting their sacred religious So the Brahmins were demanding for Malini's banishment to save their religion. In other words. Malini was a Hindu Princess but she was much interested in Buddhist religion. She did not like some of the bad aspects of Hindu religion. She particularly did not like the fact that the Brahmins misinterpreted the religion. So, her inclination was towards Buddhist religion. She used to study Buddhist literature and also used to discuss the things with monks. The Brahmins were quite afraid of it. They thought that this would be a great challenge for Hindu religion. So, they wanted Malini to stop taking interest in the Buddhist religion. Otherwise, their demand was to banish her from the country. If the King couldn't banish his daughter, he should be abdicated. Thus, the Brahmins were demanding the banishment of Malini as she was the great threat to old religion i.e. Hinduism.



5. Why does Supriya betray Kemanker? Does Supriya want to accept any reward from the king?[5]

 

2074 Set A Q.No.5b

 

Supriya, though doesn't give reason betrays Kemanker, his best friend by revealing their secret pain to the king Perhaps he has a noble purpose to betray Kemanker. Kemanker follows the path of violence and has all set to bring armies from foreign Countries. Supriya, on the other hand is against the idea of violence. He knows it very well that the country will plunge into war if he doesn't reveal the secret to the king. For the sake of the country, he has betrayed Kemanker. He is not against Kemanker as a friend. He Just wants to save the country from the possible destruction.

 

No, Supriya doesn't accept any gift from the king. The king by being happy offers Supriya even his own daughter. Malini. But Supriya denies any of the gifts from the king. This indicates that Supriya is a patriotic person without hidden interest or any sort of self. The king even urges him to take anything from him but he rejects to take. Overall, Supriya's betrayal is of a purpose. He even sacrifices his own life by saving his nation from the possible war.



6. Give a character sketch of Malini.

 

2064 Q.No.5b and2074 Set B Q.No.5b

 

Malini is the protagonist of the noetic play Malini She appears to be the enlightened one in the play. She even asks for the forgiveness of the murderer, thus thinks that the greatest virtue of the human is to forgive. Philanthropic and humane. Malini is the mouthpiece of R.N.Tagore Obsessed by the suffering and pains of the poor, she changes her own creed to reform humanity She thinks of freeing human worlds from hatred, pain, and sufferings by teaching then the meaning of love, truth and help and forgiveness. Thus, she participates in the world of commoners.

 

Malini is not a common girl She is a reincarnated form of Buddha. True flame of fire and divine, Malini is a simple. innocent beautiful. confident and young princess of a Hindu kingdom She has her education with Buddhist monks and starts preaching their principles in the kingdom. She neither cares the wealth or the comfort of the palace She is devoted for the cause of humanity as she realizes the suffering of the people and wants to serve then she has a broad heart and is ready to forgive even Kemanker who has plotted her banishment plan. She understands clearly that Brahmins are demanding her banishment because of her creed as they think that her creed is a great threat to their religion. She herself is desirous to be banished so mat she could solve the problems of people outside the palace. When she comes to the Brahmins, she speaks to them with divine confidence and persuades them that she actually intends to help them. The agitating mass is so impressed by her personality simplicity and her words that they consider her as little goddess and restore her back to the palace. She requests the king to pardon. Kemanker as she considers that it is better to win (conquer) a person by love rather than by punishing him.

 

To sum up. Malini is a symbolic character in the play She symbolizes divine spirit. She is a great epitome of love and care, thus called by the Brahmins as the living goddess. She also symbolizes entire Buddhist philosophy of love, truth and forgiveness. Like other works of Tagore, this play speaks a lot about love and truth, forgiveness and justice which he conveys through the burning fire of Kashi Malini



7. Draw the character sketch of Supriya

 

2072 Set C Q.No.5c

 

Supriya is one of the Brahmins who are demanding Malini's banishment. Both Kemanker and Supriya consider that Malini's creed possesses a great threat to their religion. However, from the very beginning, Supriya opposes the banishment plan of an innocent girl He doesn't believe that the number of people can determine the truth. He feels shame to own a religion that depends on force of its existence After meeting with Malini, Supriya declares that traditional religious books are not being able to give him true knowledge and consolation as he is impressed by Malini's words and her personality. Therefore, in order to get her confidence, he betrays his best friend Kemanker and tells the king about Kemanker’s plan.



8. Draw a character-sketch of Kemanker in about 100 words. [5]

 

2067 Q.No.5d Partial and 2070 Set A Supp O.No.5b

 

Kemanker is Tagore's antagonist in his famous play, "Malini". Tagore's play talks about the duality of love and hatred, Kemanker belongs to the world of hatred. The radiant world inflicted by Malini is being challenged by him He is an ardent Hindu who never knows to surrender and change while beating the drum of his religion and its principles Thus. Kemanker is a static character of the play. He is presented as the orthodox Hindu in whose dictionary there is not the word tolerance and transformation. He is ready to die in the name of his religion. He is only one character who is so ardent in the play He is so determined rigid bold Self-confident character that he stands against king, his friend Kemanker for his religious faith. Well-built stubborn aggressive Kemanker is a devoted Hindu Well-versed in holy doctrines, he discusses about theology and god with his friend. He thinks his religion as full proof and doesn't need any improvement or modification He is of the opinion that one should not discard the religion of her forefathers simply because some new creed or faith or belief or doctrine or dogma seems noble or dignified or righteous. When Malini becomes able to influence the people of Kashi due to her novelty, he suspects her and takes it a direct attack on Hinduism Has a good leading power is not only able to lead the angry crowd for Malini's banishment but is equally competent to organize army on foreign land He thinks that the blood of Kashi is contaminated by he infiltration of new creed For this, he is ready to turn from a common man to a commander Thus, he seems to be a patnot in his own way Kemanker is a good friend too but when he finds himself deceived than he takes his friend's life without any regret as he hurts his belief. Kemanker, as a believer, not only takes his friend's le but is also ready to sacrifice his own life too. Like Socrates and Christ, he is also ready to die for his own belief. Therefore, when the king asks him what will he do if he excuses him then he boldly tells that he will complete his incomplete mission, le to uproot the king and the royal family to regain the pure and serene image of Hindus. To sum up Kumar's character in the play is so magnified by the play right that often the reader online who is to Support. Malini of Kemanker Though Kemankar is a criminal and a villain, his personality dominates the play thus deserves a level of praise He never surrenders. He maintain self-esteem.



9. Write a story of Supriya as a betrayer.

 

2065 Q.No.5d, 2066 Q.No.5d old, 2070 Set D Q.No.5e, 2071 Supp Q.No.5d and 2074 Supp Q.No.4c

 

Supriya of the play Malini' can be called a betrayer. In his entire life, Supriya follows Kemankar. He regards Kemanker as his best friend, guide and teacher. But later on, he betrays Kemankar who was his friend from childhood to youth. Kermankar had great faith on Supriya But Supriya's mind was always full of questions. When Kemankar was in the side of Malini's Banishment. Supriya held a different view and told Kemankar that force of numbers could not determine truth. Still Kemankar believed Supriya that he was firm. In his action, he only doubted Supriya when he debated. When Kemankar intended to go to foreign country to bring soldiers to banish Malini and to uproot the new creed, he asked Supriya to remain there in the kingdom to inform him about the situation. Supriya promised to act according to Kemanka's wish. Kemankar also wanted Supriya not to be impressed by any kind of novelty (newness). falsehood and he should not ignore his promise. But he didn't do what he said. He betrayed Kemanker by showing king the letter sent by Kemenkar Kemankar. then, was chained and brought back in the palace. Again, when all the Brahmins let kemankar, Supriya alone was his side. Kemankar told Supriya to give information of the palace while he went to foreign lands to bring soldiers. Supriya wanted to go with him. Kemankar told that would be there first and last separation Supriya assured Kemankar that their falsehood was hew, but their friendship was old but he didn't do what he said. Thus, Supriya deviates from his own promise and betrays his friend and can be called a betrayer


10. Why does Kemanker leave the kingdom? [5]

 

2056 Q.No.5c

 

Malini's divine appearance after being preached by Buddhist Monk terrified the Hindu Brahmins. Consequently, they got united against her and made a unity for struggle. The assembly was led by the orthodox Hindu Kemankar, But in course of their revolution something dramatic happened She banished herself out in the world of the Brahmins Malini then, entered with all in the palace, and received the honor of the ordinary citizens except Kemankar and Supriya They asked for forgiveness Malini announced herself exiled and wanted to make their home her own renouncing the royal palace Kemankar became alone in the agitation All the Brahmins except Supriya and Kemankan surrendered in front of Malini thinking they were lucky to see the living goddess in front of their eyes Kemankar got angry With the intensity of hatred toward Malini, he left the kingdom in order to bring the foreign soldier to defeat the king and banish Malini Though Supriya didn't like the plan, he wanted to go with him for their friendship's sake. Kemankar ordered him to remain there to watch and keep him informed. So, he left his kingdom to bring armies from foreign land to defeat king and banish Malini from the country.

 

 


Long Answer Questions

 

11. Sketch the character of Malini. [10]

 

2057 Q.No.4b, 2059 Q.No.4c, 2061 Q.No.4a, 2067 Q.No.4c, 2070 Partial Q.No.4c, 2070 Set C Q.No.4a, 2070 Set B Supp Q.No.4c, 2072 Partial A Q.No.4c, 2073 Partial A Q.No.4b, 2075 Set C Q.No.4b and 2076 Partial E Q.NO.4c

 

The chief character of the story, Malini is a unique character and thus different from other tow character Supriya and Kemankar. The extra ordinary character Malini' not only haunts her own tradition by accepting the voice of the people but also explores in modernity, freedom and civilization She adheres that the real meaning of democracy cannot be interpreted by the palace but it can be redefined by the people Malini is a simple, innocent, beautiful, confident and young princess of a Hindu kingdom. She has her education with Buddhist monks and starts preaching their principles in the kingdom. She neither cares the wealth or the comfort of the palace. She is devoted for the cause of humanity as she realizes the suffering of the people and wants to serve them; she has a broad heart and ready to forgive even Kemankar who has plotted against her. Malini appears to be the enlightened one in the play. She even asks for the forgiveness of the murderer, thus thinks that the greatest virtue of the human is to forgive Philanthropic and humane, Malini is the mouthpiece of R. Tagore Obsessed by the suffering and pains of the roof, she changes her own creed to reform humanity. She thinks of freeing human words from hatred, pains, and sufferings by teaching them the meaning of love, truth and help and forgiveness. Thus, she participates in the world of commoners. The other characters Kemankar and supriya are different form her.

 

Supriya is one of the Brahmins who are demanding Malin's banishment. Both Kemankar and Supriya consider that Malini's creed possess a great threat to their religion. However, from the very beginning Supriya opposes the banishment plan of an innocent girl. He doesn't believe that the number of people can determine the truth. He feels shame to own a religion that depends on force of its existence. Alter meeting with Malini, Supriya declares that traditional religious books are not being able to give him true knowledge and consolation as he is impressed by Malini's words and her personality Therefore, in order to get her confidence, he betrays his best friend Kemankar and tells the king about Kemankar's plan. In some aspects Supriya is similar to Malini, He is in favor of love like Malini and wants peace justice truth and humanity. He is a man of transformation and changes himself according the need of time. But unlike Malini she is a realistic character Malini is so ideal Similarly he is still Hindu whereas Malini $ Buddhist student Kemankar is however different from both of these characters

 

One of the prominent characters is Kemankar, who not only plays or holds the leading responsibility but also gives the lesson of transformation. He has consistency and dedication for the road map he has drawn for the kingdom Unlike Malini he is the peculiar politician who wants to destroy the palace, for this he goes to the foreign land to collect armies with weapons He knows that his own armies aren't sufficient enough for transformation. Unfortunately, he gets betrayed by his own friend Supriya Critically Kemankar is the dashing figure, welcomed by the writer in the play "Malini. Unlike Supriya, he is a man of marvelous heart that doesn't get melted with the provinces or the face of the beautiful lady. The real son of the state doesn't forget his responsibility. That's the reason why Kemankar supposes to change the traditional appearance of the kingdom. A very careful reader of literature and politics may discover the spectrum of personalities by the dialogue of Kemankar. He is peculiar, courageous and the multi-dimensional rebel. According to Malini, the iron chain doesn't shut his personality. In this way, these three characters make the play "Malini” with their varied roles and characters.



12. "Malini" is a play of "Love and Hatred". Explain this statement in the context of the play "Malini". Also write how Malini shows her greatness at the end of the play. [10]

 

2071 set C Q.No.4a, 2071 Set A Q.No.4c, 2072 Partial B Q.No.4c, 2072 Set D Q.No.4b and 2075 Set A Q.No.4c

 

The poetic play Malini by famous Bengali poet and writer is a story of love and hatred or compassion and scorn. These two antagonistic ideas are elaborated in the play. The playwright has shown the totally distinct sets of the characters, those who belong to the world of love or compassion and those who belong to the world of the hatred or scorn. Malini, the prominent character in the story, belongs to the world of love or compassion who is followed by the number of Brahmins and Supriya and Kemankar, the daunting rebel, belongs on the other to the world of the hatred, The interaction between these characters of the opposite nature reveals the drama's theme of love and hatred of scorn. Though William Blake adheres that these two qualities are essential for the progress Tagore's point is different. He thinks the world of love of compassion is so vast and pure which is disturbed even by the tiny presence of the hatred or scorn

 

The playwright philosophically elucidates that the love or compassion in its absolute form all radiance pervading and a compassionate. In the play, Malini shows it. Malini asks for the forgiveness of Kemankar who has killed a man Supriya, his friend This love also directs her outside word, quite different from the palace. She is filled with the compassion, thus enters into the world of the poor. She has love and respect for all and it is so pervading that her rebels become her admirer. The playwright wants to say that love so vast and supreme which unites the hearts of the people Malini wins the heart of Brahmins and even of Supriya. Because of this love Malini enables to prevent the possible violence in the kingdom. She even succeeds to change the mind of her mother and her father King listens Malini but on the other hand this supreme world of hatred or Scorn is being challenged by the tiny presence of the hatred love. In the play, the petty selfishness assumes the name of love and rules the world with hatred. Kamankar of the play is selfish He thinks for an individual religion but on the other hand Malini never works for the single religion. She is philanthropic Kemanker never thinks universally thus hates s Malini This selfishness violates the radiant love germinated by Malini. He goes to bring armies and even kills his own friend He develops that hatred which is not for the sake of the people. But Malini never has hatred to the human kind, no matter he/she is a criminal Thus she asks for Kemankars forgiveness.

 

In the nutshell, Rabindranath Tagore in his poetic play "Malini presents a story of love of compassion and hatred or scorn. The play deals with a conflict between love and hatred as well as self-centric thinking and broad mindedness. It is based on the concept that love in its absolute and pure form is all radiance, all pervading, and all compassionate. The play also shows that petty selfishness assumes the name of love and rules the world with hatred.




13. Whom do you like most: Kemanker or Supriya? Give justification for your answer. [10]

 

2074 Partial Set D Q.No.4c

 

I like Supriya most. In fact, Kemanker has a bold personality and unyielding character but he possesses the path of hatred and violence. But Supriya on the other hand, by being a Hindu Brahmin, knows to change as per the demand of time. We first meet Supriya with Kemankar when the Brahmins were protesting against Malini. All of a sudden, Malini comes there. The other Brahmins became in her side and Kemankar was left alone. Supriya was with Kemankar. Supriya is a learned man and he is not conservative like his friend. He does not like to prove the supremacy of religion by physical force. He knew that there were many drawbacks of the religion and so we find him in the favor of correcting them. He is very bold because he told all these things to the Brahmins However, Supriya has certain weakness. His weakness is that he does not have his own standing Till Kemankar was there, he was influenced by him and when he went in next country, he was influenced by Malini.

 

As a whole. Supriya is a nice gentleman. He did not like that there should be bloodshed in the name of religion. So, he showed Kemankar's letter to the king He loves his friend so he repeatedly requested the king to forgive Kemankar. He is really praise worthy character who is selfless, peace loving and humane.



14. Draw a character sketch of Kemanker and show how he is different from Supriya? [10]

 

2073 Supp Q.No.4C

 

Kemanker is a only a character whose identity manifests from his difference from other. He has made the play so vibrant and interesting Thus, one of the prominent characters is Kemankar, who not only plays or holds the leading responsibility but also gives the lesson of transformation. He has consistency and dedication for the road map he has drawn for the kingdom Unlike Malini, he is the peculiar politician who wants to destroy the palace. For this, he goes to the foreign land to collect armies with weapons. He knows that his own armies aren't sufficient enough for transformation. Unfortunately, he gets betrayed by his own friend Supriya. Critically, Kemankar is the dashing figure, welcomed by the writer in the play Malini'. Unlike Supriya, he is a man of marvelous heart that doesn't get melted with the provinces or the face of the beautiful lady The real son of the state doesn't forget his responsibility. That's the reason why Kemankar supposes to change the traditional appearance of the kingdom A very careful reader of literature and politics may discover the spectrum of personalities by the dialogue of Kemankar He is peculiar, courageous and the multi-dimensional rebel According to Malini the iron chain doesn't shut his

personality.

 

Although Supriya and Kemanker are the friends and Hindus. They are seen different in their characters. Supriya seems liberal Hindu and is rather dynamic whereas Kemanker is so staunch and orthodox in his principle in other words in comparison to Supriya, Kemanker is firm and strong While Supriya's thought always licker with doubts, Kamankar is determined in what he does He can hold his mind and can the strongest decision Nothing can shake him. He does what he thinks is good or correct He takes action according to his mind not what his heart pleads for. He does not take time to think about others opinion though other is correct Once what his mind confirms something as true, to gets into it, he can go to any extent for example, he kills his own friend because he has done something that an ardent Hindu never does.

 

Supriya is different from Kemanker He does not have his own decision His thoughts are always shaking Sometimes he works what his mind says and sometimes does what his heart calls for. This might be good in some place and at other it might create problems. He is of the habits of listening others too. He does not stick to his own thought. He gives value to others beliefs and faith. Unlike Kemanker he doesn't become the shadow and echo of the religion He is a man of change and reformation Supriya is realistic character whereas Kemanker an ideal one. Supriya harbors love and truth kindness and peace, but his friend Kemanker embraces hatred and tricks rebel and revenge and violence. Thus, both the characters are different in number of ways.

 



15. Sketch the character of Malini. How does she protest against traditional dogmas of people? [10]

 

2073 Partial B Q.No.4c

 

The chief character of the story, Malini is a unique character and thus different from other tow character Supriya and Kemankar. The extra ordinary character Malini' not only haunts her own tradition by accepting the voice of the people but also explores in modernity, freedom and civilization She adheres that the real meaning of democracy cannot be interpreted by the palace but it can be redefined by the people Malini is a simple, innocent, beautiful, confident and young princess of a Hindu kingdom. She has her education with Buddhist monks and starts preaching their principles in the kingdom. She neither cares the wealth or the comfort of the palace. She is devoted for the cause of humanity as she realizes the suffering of the people and wants to serve them; she has a broad heart and ready to forgive even Kemankar who has plotted against her. Malini appears to be the enlightened one in the play. She even asks for the forgiveness of the murderer, thus thinks that the greatest virtue of the human is to forgive Philanthropic and humane, Malini is the mouthpiece of R. Tagore Obsessed by the suffering and pains of the roof, she changes her own creed to reform humanity. She thinks of freeing human words from hatred, pains, and sufferings by teaching them the meaning of love, truth and help and forgiveness. Thus, she participates in the world of commoners. The other characters Kemankar and supriya are different form her.

 

Supriya is one of the Brahmins who are demanding Malin's banishment. Both Kemankar and Supriya consider that Malini's creed possess a great threat to their religion. However, from the very beginning Supriya opposes the banishment plan of an innocent girl. He doesn't believe that the number of people can determine the truth. He feels shame to own a religion that depends on force of its existence. Alter meeting with Malini, Supriya declares that traditional religious books are not being able to give him true knowledge and consolation as he is impressed by Malini's words and her personality Therefore, in order to get her confidence, he betrays his best friend Kemankar and tells the king about Kemankar's plan. In some aspects Supriya is similar to Malini, He is in favor of love like Malini and wants peace justice truth and humanity. He is a man of transformation and changes himself according the need of time. But unlike Malini she is a realistic character Malini is so ideal Similarly he is still Hindu whereas Malini $ Buddhist student Kemankar is however different from both of these characters

 

One of the prominent characters is Kemankar, who not only plays or holds the leading responsibility but also gives the lesson of transformation. He has consistency and dedication for the road map he has drawn for the kingdom Unlike Malini he is the peculiar politician who wants to destroy the palace, for this he goes to the foreign land to collect armies with weapons He knows that his own armies aren't sufficient enough for transformation. Unfortunately, he gets betrayed by his own friend Supriya Critically Kemankar is the dashing figure, welcomed by the writer in the play "Malini. Unlike Supriya, he is a man of marvelous heart that doesn't get melted with the provinces or the face of the beautiful lady. The real son of the state doesn't forget his responsibility. That's the reason why Kemankar supposes to change the traditional appearance of the kingdom. A very careful reader of literature and politics may discover the spectrum of personalities by the dialogue of Kemankar. He is peculiar, courageous and the multi-dimensional rebel. According to Malini, the iron chain doesn't shut his personality. In this way, these three characters make the play "Malini” with their varied roles and characters.

 

Malini protests against traditional dogmas of people She is the princess of Kashi, the symbol of love, truth and non-violence. She is taught by the Buddhist monk So, she lives very simple life in spite of having material prosperity (richness) in the palace. She does not follow traditional old religious dogmas. It is based on the gods of books. She always supports truth and speaks against falsehood When king and prince become ready to banish her, she is not worried at all. Malini is against the traditional dramas as she desires self-banishment to free herself from royal boundary She herself goes among the people and tries to feel the misery of society. She is not satisfied to the comfort and pleasure of palace. She wants to link palace to the common people. So, she invites Brahmins in her house. Inviting outer world inside is standing against the dogmas.

 

Malini is unknown to the poverty, and suffering of the outer world. To know the bitter reality, she changes herself into a simple village girl, goes to the people and vows to help them. Malini is like a light to spread the message of humanity and truth. So, her mother calls her a pure flame of fire' Brahmins call her the mother of the world. She wants to lead them to the payless sea of life, where is equality, love and humanity

 

She is also against dogmas as Malini requests king to forgive Kemankar. She knows that he is a treasoner but for Malini forgiving is divine virtue of man Kemankar kills Supriya, who is near and dear to Malini. Sit, Malini requests king to excuse him It shows that Malini is girl of divine knowledge. She is a guider of all on the path of truth, humanity, virtue, and non-violence



16. Why does Malini ask for her own banishment from the palace? Does the king banish her? If not why? [10]

 

2072 Set E Q No.4b

 

Malini is a princess of Kashi who follows the path of Buddhism. Brahmins take her acceptance of new religion as a threat to their religion. Infuriated enraged furious by it, they protest against her in front of the palace and demanding her banishment. She used to study Buddhist literature and also used to discuss the things with monks. The Brahmins were quite afraid of it. They thought that this would be a great challenge for Hindu religion. So, they wanted Malini to stop taking interest in the Buddhist religion Otherwise, their demand was to banish her from the country of the King couldn't banish his daughter, he should be abdicated. In other words, the Brahmins were demanding the banishment of Malini as she was heretic or revisionist of old religion and if the king wouldn't banish her then he should leave the throne.

 

But Malini, an enlightened Buddhist monk, asks for her own banishment instead. She doesn't see any sort of pleasure in the palace luxury Malini thinks that she is born for the people but not for the palace and for king. As people demand for her banishment, she told the king that her banishment must be granted. She opines that she was made for people and for the sake of people, she is even ready to accept her banishment.

 

Malini is a beautiful young prince who is taught by a buddhist monk. She is impressed by Buddhism. She doesn't like royal happiness pleasures and comforts. But the Brahmins who are the followers of traditional old religion believe that members of royal family should spend their life in comforts. Malini doesn't like it at all When Malini goes against traditional old religion Hinduism, at that time Brahmins go to royal palace for the banishment of Malini. Malini thinks that the outside world wants her. Malini then asks for her own banishment from the palace to go to live among the poor people. She wants to teach the Brahmins the reality and lead them to the truth.


17. Write the story of Malini. [10]

 

2071 Set D Q.NO.4b

 

The poetic play. Malini, is a story of love and hatred as well as deals with religion, faith, friendship, devotion, sacrifice, forgiveness, loyalty, betrayal and sacrifice. The play opens with the agitation of the Hindu Brahmins for the banishment of Malini, the princess of Kashi. Malini has been charged for her acceptance of a new creed, ie. Buddhism. Having been taught by Buddhist Monks, she was influenced by Buddhism. She does not find any attachment with the worldly beauty and the material world. She thinks that wealth does not cling to whose destiny it is to find tiches in poverty.

 

The king and the Queen are worried about her acceptance of Buddhism and request her to give up her new creed The Queen believes Malini to be a pure flame of fire and thinks some divine spirit has taken birth in her but the king does not want her to take the burden of the world on her shoulders On the other hand, Kemankar, a firm and determined youth, is the leader of agitators. Supriya, the childhood friend of Kemankar is also an agitator. Malini is charged as a poisonous snake who is aiming at the heart of Hindu religion. Supriya does not approve the idea to banish Malini in the name of religion. He knows that the truth cannot be determined by the force of numbers He supports Malini's belief that the love and truth as soul and body of all religions. Though the essence of all religions is same, Kemankar believes in their different forms. Supriya leaves the assembly assuring Kemankar about their friendship.

 

All the agitators step back when they come to know that the army is in support of the agitation. They think as a rebellion and extreme measure. They believe that their faith, not the arms, will give them victory So make penance and invoke the goddess to descend from heaven to less and give power to them. Malini enters with all in the palace, and receives the honour of the ordinary citizens except Kemankar and Supriya They ask for forgiveness. Malini announces her self exile and wants to make home renouncing the royal palace Kemankar becomes alone in the agitation So he makes a plan to go to the foreign land to bring soldiers to fight. Though Supriya does not like this plan, he wants to go with him for their friendship’s sake. Kemankar orders him to remain there to watch and keep him informed.

 

After Kemanker's departure, Supriya goes to visit Malini in palace garden and says he wants to be led by Malini but she does not think herself so great to lead him. During conversation Malini wants to learn about Kemankar from Supriya He says that Kemankar's mind has always been firm and determined while his mind or thoughts are always flickering with doubts Supriya suddenly reveals that he has deceived his friend by informing his plan to the king.

 

The king enters. He is very much happy with Supriya and so he proposes Supriya to ask for anything even the princess Malini along with provinces worthy to tempt king. But he refuses all He thinks these as rewards for his treachery He only wants love from Malini, which she has for every creature in the world. Kemankar has been captured by the king's soldiers and the king is going to execute him for his treason. Both Malini and Supriya plead the king to pardon him He is brought before the king who wishes to meet Supriya. Since he wants to know why Supriya has done that or why he betrayed his own friend. Supriya replies he did to keep faith. He blames Supriya being a faithless. Supriya replies that true faith is there is love, where there is man. He says he got the knowledge from malini, which he could not get from any sacred books. Supriya wants to make compromise but Kemankar says falsehood and truth cannot live side by side in friendship.

 

Supriya assures Kemnaker that he is paying his life for his love as Kemankar knows for the faith At this Kemankar wants them to be judged in front of the death. Then Kemankar strikes Supriya with his chains and Supriya falls and he dies Kemankar calls for his executioner but Malini requests the king to forgive him Thus the play is the story of love and hatred and the conflict between them.



18. The play "Malini" ends with a suspense of whether or not the king forgives Kemankar. Do you think the king fulfils Malini's request to forgive Kemankar? [10]

 

2069 Partial Q.No.4d

 

The play, "Malini" ends with a suspense. We are not shown whether the king gave Kemankar forgiveness or not at his daughter's request I think he didn't give him forgiveness at his daughter's request. There are some reasons to say so:

 

First is that a king is king not an ideal philosopher Malini looks ideal. The law says that a criminal deserves punishment as per the law. But the princess goes against this by asking for Kemanker's forgiveness. King on the other hand is the king of the whole region. He can do nothing except punishing him. If he went on forgiving the criminals one after another, the crime will increase in the country and the country will enter in the condition of lawlessness and impunity. But one fact is that he will not take the law in his own hand, He will not slay the murderer on the spot. The king will do what the law says. He knows very well that the kingdom doesn't run by emotion and counting family relations Therefore in the beginning he has almost been determined to banish his own daughter when the Brahmins asked for.

 

The next reason is that Kemankar is a rebel and is in favour of violence not peace. He knows it very that Kemankar is so ardent in his belief. If he forgave him Kemankar will continue the same. As a king this is his duty to save the religion and the country King never can think of his country plunging into the war. Kemankar is king's captive and he's treason Therefore, King will send him to jail instead of forgiving him. He will not be emotional at the request of Malini. As a man of right and law, he will never upset the people by leaving for another revolt.

Available Files

  • No Files at the moment

We're always listening.

Have something to say about this article? Find us on Facebook

SHARE

You may also like to read

English NEW COURSE

1 lessons

View

Biology XI

35 lessons

View

Meaning into words Playground

22 lessons

View