Look at a Teacup

Lesson 8

Look at a Teacup: Patricia Hampl

 

Summary

 

"Look at a tea cup' depicts the effect of world war II and cultural change in post war period. Description of art, loss of faith in marriage and gap in attitude are the major concern of this story. Teacup is the symbol of tradition, art and cultural and its fading color indicates the declining traditional ethos (norms).

 

Patricia Hampl explains the teacup which was bought in 1939 by her mother. D sun GEGL marriage year of her mother. It was also beginning year of 2nd world war. Her mother had bought many teacups and saucers from sale market. They were made in Czechoslovakia and had stamped on the bottom. Patricia says that at present there is tea in a cup and from outside the level of tea can be easily seen. There is thin bands of gold around the edges of saucer and cup. There is also a band of gold on the inner circle of the saucer, but it has been worn out. The cup is in water-pale green colour and shiny. No any two flowers are same. Inside the cup different flowers are scattered, some are at the top, sonte are falling down and some are at the bottom. Because of fine decorations, teacup and saucer are bright, delicate and definite.

 

Patricia Hantal says that nothing sad full situation occurred in her mother's life. For mother family life. happiness of husband and Children were important but for Hampl work as most important. Mother desires marriage, husband and family for daughter Hampl says that her separation with mother might began, when she and her parents kissing and hugging each other. During the second world war, her mother was happy in her family, although there was great destruction outside. Mother wants to talk about present but Hampl goes back to the past Each pictures of the past takes her back to think about the destruction of war. She wants to write history of the 2nd world war. Patricia has got and sixers from her mother. Patricia wants to know all about the past but her mother does not like to talk about it. Mother asks her daughter to look and it means marriage, family and children. In her time, sexuality was impossible before marriage. But, just opposite of it, marriage is painful for Hampl. It's just falling into the net. She wants to live without doing marriage.

 

Patricia Hampl says that 1939 was the period of end. Everything fell down in this year, there was fear of bomb. Millions of life and property was destroyed. After war, marriage and conjugal life collapsed. people lost their faith in marriage. Relationship can be possible without marriage. Hampl argues that to write history teacups and her mother's description and attitudes were enough. Looking at teacup could explore total history.

 

‘Look at a teacup' is highly significant story as it gives total description of deadly effect of 2nd world war, fading culture and tradition, loss of faith in marriage, and generation gap. For mother marriage, family life, decoration of the house and planning for happy future are important but for daughter work and revelation of past is more important. She has not even thought about marriage. The teacup is a symbol of past, speaks total history. Its fading color indicates declining cultural norms and values. Falling flowers stand for the death and destruction of 2nd world war. For mother, tea cup is the continuation of family life but for daughter it is the history, which is full of terror, death and destruction.



Short Answer Questions

 

1. Explain the statement "Many things fell that year. (5)

 

2059 Q.No.5b, 2070 Set D Q.No.5d, 2073 partial A Q.No.5b, and 2076 Set B Q.No.5b

 

The essay/story, "Look at a Teacup" tells something of being a woman. The writer Patricia Hampl is also a woman, thus translates the female realities in the story. In the essay she divides the women in two parts one those who are like her mother who involves in the marriage, sex, romance and family affairs and the like herself who never like these stereotypical female roles. She is the one who seeks the identity of the women which see thinks is possible by not putting bras, lipsticks, and by sleeping on the bed with their husbands but by working Thus the essay speaks something of being a woman. Hampl indeed is various serious about woman Being woman doesn't mean that they have to be the tool of romance and machine to breed children. Therefore, she doesn't like to marriage. She thinks, modem women never can create the history of her own race by involving in the traditional roles of the women. Being women is something more than that. Thus, Hampls story is the story of women who lack voice and confidence because they accept the roles. She says being woman is more than that or not that. Hampl says that in the generation of Hampl's mother, there was a great faith in marriage and family relations. The traditional women wanted to hand over their tradition and culture to their daughters They considered that women should marry for sexual relations. For the family life was greater than work. But modem women don't follow the traditional values and work is greater than families for them. Marriage and family life is tragedy for her generation. Thus, the essay tries to explore into the female identity.



2. What does the story tell us about being a woman? [5]

 

2070 Set A Supp Q.No.5d, and 2076 Partial D Q.No.5b

 

The phrase 'many things fell that year is quite meaningful in the essay. Indeed, the essay is written in the periscope of Second World War That year means 1939, the year when Second World War started when many things got devastated culture, faith of the people in life, environment, religion, lives, bombs, property and hopes not only the flowers info teacup or bodies in the bed

 

The war caused many things to fall for example, human bodies fell dead in the streets by falling bombs. The writer has related all the falling through the design of fallings of flowers of the cup. As the flower seems to fall off the cup, many other things also fell down. "Many things fell that year also means many things lost their values. For example, in the year 1939, countries, cities, industries, etc. fell in Europe, many people's bodies fell after they were killed by bombs and bullets Bombs and bullets fell on innocent women and children so people's faith on traditional values has been destroyed. Their belief on marriage has also been fallen Countries were captured by other enemies. Fallings of bombs and bullets declined the destiny of women. So, with the falling of the different countries, the art culture, architecture was also destroyed. The morality of the people of that time was also dead.

 

The sentence "Many things fell that year' also refers to people falling into marriage and falling onto their marriage beds together. Many people got married in 1939 because they were worried about the war. Men were worried that they could be killed. So, they got married before they were sent away to fight in this way, many people married that year and after marriage they slept together. That is the falling of bodies in bed and also the falling of virginity of the woman who lepl together with their husband for the first time. The writer's mother also married at that time, so she also lost her virginity Even the arts of making flowers in the cup fell or came to an end when the country itself destroyed. In this way, many things fell that year.



3. Explain the daughter's attitude to marriage.

 

2057 Q.No.5b, 2069 Partial Q.No.5d, and 2074 Partial D Q.No.5c

 

Hampl's view on marriage: is different to the views of her mother. Marriage doesn't shape the identity of the women for her. It simply controls women freedom. She thinks sex can be possible bore marriage. The main conflict lies between the mother and Hampl because of the issue of marriage, Hampl never likes to look in to the future which the mother asks her to do. Future refers husband family and children. Hampl is obsessed by the past. She never likes to handle down the tradition of marriage. She doesn't like the family and children. Marriage makes some one weak. The husband, the symbol of patriarchy, has himself to fulfill. The woman forgets her aim and the work. Thus, by not marrying she wants to involve in the work. In essay she defends marriage by saying that her the mother got married in 1939 when the Second World War began. It destroyed many things. Many married women who lost their husband and family members were compelled to fall on the beds of strange persons after own husband's death in the battlefield. The destructive Second World War caused a sense of fear in young girls’ life. The writer herself saw miserable condition of married women of that period. They lost the faith in marriage. So, Hampl takes work as the important thing but not marriage. For writer and her generation marriage is a tragedy.



4. What were the different events that took place that year, 1939?

 

2073 Set C Q.NO.5b

 

Three significant events happened in the year of 1939. In this sense, this year is quite meaningful for Hampl. The first thing is that Hampl's mother bought a teacup from Czechoslovakia because she was going to be a Is bride in Chicago and going to marry an American Chez. Second is that Hampi's mother got married with an American chez. The most crucial event was that the devastating Second World War started this year. They are symbolically connected with each other. The marriage and souvenir are the remnants of war that killed millions of people in the world. If marriage was for romance, the war was for pain. These opposite realities are the subjects of the essay which Hampl mocks with perfect delicacy and justice.



5. What does the year 1939 signify in the essay Look at a Tea Cup? Why did the author's mother buy the tea cup in 1939? Explain. [5]

 

2073 Set D Q.No.5b

 

The year of 1939 signifies many things in the essay is the year when Second World War started, thus signifies greatly the war and devastation. In this sense, this year is quite meaningful for Hampl The first thing is that Hampl's mother bought a teacup from Czechoslovakia because she was going to be a bride in Chicago and going to marry an American Chez Second is that Hampl's mother got married with an American chez The most crucial event was that the devastating Second World War started this year. They we symbolically connected with each other. The marriage and souvenir are the remnants of war that killed millions of people in the world. If marriage was for romance, the war was for pain. These opposite realities are the subjects of the essay which Hampl mocks with perfect delicacy and justice.



6. How does Hampl see herself and her mother connected by the teacup? (5)

 

2070 Set C Q.NO.5c

 

Hampl sees herself and her mother connected with the tea cup. In the essay she reads the history of her mother in the delicate tea cup The teacup connects both the mother and daughter. The teacup a symbol of manage was the possession once of Hampl's mother and now it is of the writer. This is also the source of writer's thoughts. She tells about her mother, the women of past generation and about herself, the women of her generation by means of teacup. Thus, this connects both the mother and the 1939. Hampl's mother bought the teacup in Later, she gave it to her daughter. It takes her to her mother's past and lo the country where the cup was made. Because of Second World War, the country and the tradition destroyed. But this is the cup which reminds Hampl about the country and her mother. By giving the teacup to her daughter, Hampi's mother also wants to hand over the tradition and culture which her daughter refuses to accept in this sense, the mother and the daughter both were related with the cup. The mother had brought the teacup in 1939 when she was just married. So, the teacup has sentimental value for mother and so this is important for her. The daughter wants her mother give her many other things with some information about the past. By the help of this teacup the daughter enables to create her position. Thus, the teacup is not merely a symbol of is the instrument that speaks the past of the mother and reveals the future of the daughter.


LONG QUESTION ANSWER

 

7. What are the things that the mother and the daughter disagree on? What are their points of arguments? [10]

 

2075 GIE Q.No.4a

 

Look at a Tea Cup is a fine essay written by Patricia Hampl. In the essay, the narrator presents her arguments with her mother. Indeed, she reads the history of her mother in the delicate tea cup. There are points of disagreements between daughter and her mother.

 

The daughter refers the modern lady of this century Therefore, she doesn't like to give importance to the family and children. But on the other hand, her mother gives priority to the family and wants same from her daughter. The daughter doesn't like to involve in marriage She thinks marriage can be only means to have sexual relation Mother thinks, however, that the marriage is an ultimate goal of every lady's life. Similarly, daughter can't forget the past, Mother says past is safely gone. But the daughter is driven back to the past by every details of World War Second. The narrator's mother was a bride in 1939 when the whole humanity was facing the tragedy of war. The daughter can't forget the past. Every minor detail drives her back. She says she can't walk on the journey set by her mother. Similarly, the bras, lipsticks, and full-length mirror should not be prior things for the women of modern time. They can't define women. They have to write the history.

 

Thus, in short, there are the arguments between both the daughter and the mother. They provide their own logics. Mother is a traditional woman for whom children, family, and future are important matters while daughter reacts against it. She argues that the children, family and marriage can be important things in women's life The work is only important thing. She argues that past is always meaningful which the mother says is safely gone History and sexuality are differently seen by the daughter. The mother is horrified by the daughter's decision of not choosing family and children. She calls her an oral history project.


8. Describe what the essay tells us about women, marriage, mother daughter relation and importance of family? [10]

 

2062 Q.No.4b, 2069 supp Q.No.4b, 2074 Partial Set C Q.No.4b and 2074 Sup No.4a

 

The essay. Look at a Tea Cup tells us something about the marriage, mother-daughter relationship, the importance of family and marriage. Hampl's view on marriage is different to the views of Magical Words about woman Being woman doesn't mean that they have to be the tool of romance and machine to breed children. Therefore, she doesn't like to marriage. She thinks, modern women never can create the history of her own race by involving in the traditional roles of the Women Being women is something more than that Hampl says that in the generation of Hampl's mother there was a great faith in marriage and family relations. The traditional women wanted to hand over their tradition and culture to their daughters. They her mother Marriage doesn't shape the identity of the women for her. It simply controls women freedom. She thinks sex can be possible bore marriage. The main conflict is between the mother and Hampl because of the issue of marriage. Marriage makes some one weak. The husband, the symbol of patriarchy, has his self to fulfil. The woman forgets her aim and the work Thus, by not marrying she wants to involve in the work in the essay she defends marriage by saying that her mother got married in 1939 when the Second marriage, and mother relationship the importance of World War began It destroyed many things. Many married women who lost their husband and family members were compelled to fall on the beds of strange persons after own husband's death in the battlefield. The writer herself saw miserable condition of married women of that period. They lost the faith in marriage. For writer and her generation marriage is a tragedy.

 

Similarly, the essayist talks about mother daughter relation. Patricia Hampl and her mother are different in their ideas For mother family is most important thing in the life of a woman. For daughter, work should be considered as the most important thing. Mother wants her daughter walk in her errand. She asks her to look in to the future but daughter is always fascinated by her pas. Thus, the mother daughter relation discussed in the essay is marked by the differences. Unlike her mother, she doesn't have any regard for the age-old norms, value and tradition. She regards marriage a tragic end. Il is bond in which only a woman loses her individuality. She is aware how the woman of her mother's generation fell on beds paired with their husband and couldn't stand again in their lives Therefore she has refused to fall Similarly, the mother is introvert and in shy even to express her love for her husband. She is submissive in nature and always suppresses her wishes The mother like all traditional women kills her valuable time in thinking about minor things but the daughter is bold enough to express her idea and fulfill her wishes Unlike the traditional women of her mother's time, she doesn't want to kill her time in nonsense gossips. In fact, through this essay, she appeals every woman to come out of their usual role and uplift their status themselves.

 

Third the essay tells us something of being a woman and family. In the essay she divides the women in two parts: one those who are like her mother who involves in the marriage, sex, romance and family affairs and the like herself who never like these stereotypical female roles. She is the one who seeks the identity of the women which see thinks is possible by not putting bras, lipsticks, and by sleeping on the bed with their husbands but by working. Hampl indeed is serious about woman. Being woman does not mean that they have to be the tool of romance and machine to breed children. Therefore, she doesn’t like to get marriage. She thinks, modern women never can create the history of her own race by involving in the traditional roles of the women. Being women is something more than that. Hampl says that in the generation of Hampl’s mother, there was a great faith in marriage and family relations. The traditional women wanted to hand over their tradition and culture to their daughters. They considered that women should marry for sexual relations. For the family Life was greater than work but marriage and family life is tragedy for her generation.

 

to sum up, "Look at a Teacup" talks about women, marriage and mother relationship the importance of family while talking about the devastations brought up by the Second World war.

 

  9. What does the essay tell us about marriage?

 

2072 Partial B Q.No.4a

 

Hamlet says that in the generation of Hampel's mother, there was a great faith in marriage and family relations before marriage. The traditional women wanted to hand over their tradition and culture to their daughters. They considered that women should many for sexual relations. For them family life was greater than work. But modern women don't follow the traditional values and work is greater than families for modem women. Marriage and family life are tragedy for Hampel's generation.

 

According to the writer, Hampel before the Second World War marriage and family life was considered a great thing. The mother used to hand over culture and their possession to their daughter Hampels mother also did the same thing as other women used to do Her mother gave her a teacup as a gift. The teacup reminds the writer her mother's marriage, happy life, etc.They didn't have sexual relations before marriage. This essay also tells us about the importance of happy family life before the Second World War. But during the Second World War, many married women lost their husbands and family members in the battlefield and compelled to fall in the beds of strange ones and these women cursed themselves of being women. Alter the Second World War, the importance of married life fell down. The Second World War caused fear in young women Married lite means to means to Hampel and Hampel's generation is a tragedy.


10. How does Patricia Hampl see herself and her mother through the tea cup? [10]

 

2070 Set B Supp Q.No.4b

 

In "Look at a Teacup”, Hampl has recalled her bygone days with the curves and slurs of the teacup given by her mother in this sense teacup has been the vehicle to see herself and her mother through. While seeing through teacup both her mother and herself, she finds difference. She begins her memoir with the history of the teacup she bought the teacup in 1939, of all years' 1939 is historically unforgettable date in European history which excavates the memories of the brutal World War II echoes of women's cry separation of family members. subjugation of patriarchy in the family, society and the whole world. It is about the history of writer's mother in a delicate teacup. The essay shows the relationship between a mother and her daughter that is represented by a teacup.

 

Hampl sees herself and her mother connected with the tea cup. In the essay she reads the history of her mother in the delicate teacup. The teacup connects both the mother and daughter. The teacup, a symbol of marriage, was the possession once of Hampl's mother and now it is of the writer. This is also the source of writer's thoughts. She tells about her mother, the women of past generation, and about herself, the women of her generation by means of teacup. Thus, this connects both the mother and the daughter.

 

Hampl’s mother had brought the teacup in 1939 when she was bouquet. This association is needed to understand the just married. So, the teacup has sentimental value for mother and so this is important for her. The daughter wants her mother give her many other things with some information about the past. By the help of this teacup the daughter enables to create her position Thus, the teacup is not merely a symbol of art, it is the instrument that speaks the past of the mother and reveals the future of the daughter.

 

In this way, Patricia hampl records her memories of World war II, along with the narratives of the history of sexuality and mother- daughter relationship through the help of this tea cup. The tea cup only captures the bits and chunks of her past and shades sparks on the specific events colored by her own perspective. This tea cup has many things to say as her mother always asks, "Darling, look at the teacup It has more to say

 



11. Discovering the meaning of the essay 'Look at a Teacup’ depends on discovering a thread of association. Discuss (10)

 

2070 Partial G.No.4b

 

The essay, "Look Tea Cup" by Patricia Hampl, associates and removes the objective description and Subjective feeling of author can express lots of feeling and ideas making the teacup as a medium. She tries to compare the falling of flower in the teacup as destruction of beauty due to falling bombs. There was also cultural and social degradation. The style of this essay is stream of consciousness. So, some sentences are seen and teacup. The author fragmented. At the very time she talks about marriage history, sexuality, world war second, falling flowers, falling bombs, art teacup, falling bodies. If we fail to associate them, we fail to get the meaning of the essay because logically they do not follow each other. So, meaning of the essay depends on understanding the threads of association Although each subject seems to be unconnected with one another, one can see a thread of associations They indicate the degeneration that took place Europe in general and disintegration the in Czechoslovakia in particular during the Second World

War. The teacups with the painting of falling flowers associates with the disintegration process that began in Czechoslovakia with Munich Agreement

 

Czechoslovakia in particular during the Second World are associates with the disintegration process that began in Czechoslovakia with Munich Agreement daughter refuses to accept. In this sense, the mother black umbrella also played a role in the disintegration and the daughter both were related with the cup. The of Czechoslovakia that is the fall of flowers from meaning of the essay.

 

Again, the close association between the cups and a country is obvious in many expressions. One can notice it in the following expression that the cups were discontinued because a country was discontinued and a country lost its pure science of flinging flowers into the sides of teacups. Hence, the cup stands for the relic and the evidence of the mid-century bonfire that is Second World War.

 

Another aspect of the story is concerned with the unusual treatment of marriage, family and mother daughter relationship. The writer is said to have been married in 1939 at the outset of the Second World War. This helped her escape the magnitude of history by retreating into pragmatism. Hence, the writer associates the marriage with the fall of the flowers. At one piece in the essay, she mentions that her mother's cello voice was drowned somewhere in the sound of falling flowers in marriage, in the thought of bombs falling on women with flowers, with teacups Her marriage was the old bow pulled across the cello followed by the long low moan of another generation.

 

On account of such association, the writer uses the word "all" as the synonym of marriage and refuses to marry at all. Her announcement "We don't get married anymore indicates that she is not alone in having such interpretation Likewise, one can see the similar treatment given to the concept of family and mother daughter relationship. For the mother, family is the most important thing in the world where as for the daughter (the writer the work is the most important thing in spite of such an opinion, mother's voice sounded a farewell, the first of all those good-byes mother say to their daughters. She seemed to know that family and separation would always go together Mothers and daughters are bound to say good-bye to one another. Their relationship ends with parting. The writer's mother illustrates the same point by saying that they did not have any emotional relationships with their mothers

 

In short, we have to make associations for its meaning for example, the falling flower in the teacup should be associated with the falling bombs in the war, the falling bodies on the bed should be associated with the falling of lives in the war. The tea cup is to be connected with art and history. Marriage and sex should be associated with romance. Then everything should be connected to the loss of war and the creation of identity. The essay is highly symbolic.



12. "The cup is a detail, a small uncharred finger from the mid-century bonfire." Explain. [10]

 

2060 Q.No.4c Partial, and 2067 Q.No.4c Partial

 

The mid-century bonfire is the reference to the Second World War. It was the most devastating war that the human civilization had ever seen. About 55 million people were killed besides living many more million homeless, crippled and wounded. Almost all the countries of Europe had to bear unprecedented loss of life and property in the awful fire of war. One of such countries, which burnt in the conflagration of war, was Czechoslovakia, Patricia Hampl has a set of teacups. which was made in Czechoslovakia safe with her. She considered it is a part of Czechoslovakia since the country itself was burnt in fire of World War II. She regards it an un-charred finger, it is not only the concrete example of superior Czech art but also reminds us the destruction of the Second World War, the falling bodies soldiers, falling bombs, crumbling countries. Thus, she thinks it a detail, which could provide the total history of war and the devastation caused by it.

 

Czechoslovakia, where the cup was made, was attacked by Germany in 1939 Many things in Czechoslovakia, were destroyed, especially by fire. The cup was brought up by the writer’s mother who was married at the time of war. During the war time, a lol of property was destroyed but the cup was not destroyed by a chance so that it was a small un charred finger. The cup was not burnt and thus it remained un-charred. So, the cup is a detail from that bonfire (war) because it gives us information about Czechoslovakia at the time of its destruction although many things were destroyed Now, the cup is the only thing in the hand of the writer to study about her mother about Czechoslovakia and the past in detail Many pictures on the cup could show the art and the situation of the country. As many associations are related with this cup, we can get much information through this cup. Thus, the cup is a detailed un charred finger from the mid-century bonfire

 

As the writer’s mother was from Czechoslovakia she bought the teacup in 1939, the same year she got married and the Second World War also began The teacup reminds the mother as her own native country and the history of her native land. The outer and inner descriptions of teacup are highly praised by the writer. The teacup is considered as the golden one with its pale water-green color There is also a band of gold on the inner circle of the saucer (plate). It is shiny and there are thin bands of gold around the edges of the saucer and cup on the borders of the cup and its saucer light sides of gold are outlines. The combination of color and flower inside and outside the teacup are very attractive. The flowers inside the teacup are seemed as if it is live and animated. The essay gives the minute details about the tragedy caused by the war.



13. Describe the tea cup and explain its association with marriage, mother-daughter relationship. [10]

 

2066 Q.No.4b Old

 

The teacup was brought by Patricia Hampl's mother in 1939. The cups were made in Czechoslovakia and each has a stamp Czechoslovakia on the bottom Each cup was made of finest china clay. The cup is water green in color, which the essayist tells is even hard imagine. There are golden lines on cups edges on base and on the edges and inner circle of the saucer. There isn't any other decoration outside the cups. But the inner decorations make the cups special and supreme example of Czech art There are flowers falling inside the cup. Those flowers do not seem pasted They appear as if someone has shaken a bundle of flower and all the flowers are cut in motion No two flowers are of same kind or color. Neither any wo of them are falling from same altitude. There is a golden circle inside the cups, which shine beneath the falling flowers. In short, the cup is extremely beautiful, delicate and definite.

 

The tea cup is associated with marriage and mother possession once of Hamlet's mother and now it is of the writer Hampl sees herself and her mother connected with the tea cup too. The teacup connects both the mother and daughter It takes her to her mother's past and to the country where the cup was made. Because of Second World War, the country and the tradition destroyed but this is the cup which reminds Hampl about the country and her mother. By giving the teacup to her daughter, Hampl's mother also wants to hand over the tradition and culture which her daughter refuses to accept. In this sense, the daughter relation since it is symbolic of marriage, Hampl associates it with the marriage. Her mother bought it for marriage in 1939, the year of war. She wants it to hand over so as to ask her daughter to marry. The teacup, a symbol of marriage, was the mother and the daughter both were related with the cup.


14. Describe what the essay tells us about women and marriage. [10]

 

2065 Q.No.4b

 

While talking about the world war second and its consequences, Hampl also talks about women and marriage, quote interrelated issues, in the essay, "look at a Tea Cup”. At the same time, she looks a female activist and the historicist. Talking about the women she says that the women should come out from their stereotypical roles and boycott marriage and family for the sake of their own identity.

 

"Look at a Teacup” tells something of being a woman, the writer Patricia Hampl is also a woman, thus translates the female realities in the story. In the essay she divides the women in two parts: one those who are like her mother who involves in the marriage, sex, romance and family affairs and the like herself who never like these stereotypical female roles. She is the modern women never can create the history of their one who seeks the identity of the women which see thinks is possible by not putting bras, lipsticks, and by sleeping on the bed with their husbands but by working. Being woman doesn't mean that they have to be the tool of romance and machine to breed children. Therefore, she doesn't like the marriage. She thinks, own race by involving in the traditional roles of the women. Being women is something more than that Thus, Hampl's story is the story of women who lack voice and confidence because they accept the roles. She says being woman is more than that or not that the traditional women wanted to hand over their tradition and culture to their daughters. For themfamily life was greater than work. Hampl thinks female should come across these roles for creating the history for women.

 

Talking about marriage essay says that marriage doesn't shape the identity of the women. It simply controis women freedom. She thinks sex can be possible bore maria Marriage makes some one weak. The husband, the symbol of patriarchy, has his self to fulfill. The woman forgets her aim and the work Thus, by not marrying she wants to involve in the work. The essay defends marriage by saying that her mother got married in 1939 when the Second World War began. It destroyed many things. Many married women who lost their husband and family members were compelled to fall on the beds of strange persons after own husband's death in the battlefield. The destructive Second World War caused a sense of fear in young girl's life. The writer herself saw miserable condition of married women of that period. They lost the faith in marriage. So, Hampel takes work' as the important thing but not marriage. For writer and her generation marriage is a tragedy.

 

To sum up, the essay means to say that marriage and family are not essential though they are thought so from long time ago. The women lack freedom and identity once they get married Women need to write their history which is possible not surrendering the history of their mothers and grandmothers but by fighting against it.






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