Lesson 6 Cell Organelles: Nucleus, Cell Biology
It is an important cell organelle, which controls all the activities of the cell. It also carries the hereditary information of the cell. Its structure is spherical or oval. It is present one or more in number in a cell.
The nucleus is doubling membraned. The outer membrane is rough and inner membrane is smooth. The nuclear membrane is porous and selective permeable. The pores help in the exchange of substance between cytoplasm and nucleoplasm.
The nucleoplasm is semi liquids bounded by nuclear membrane within nucleoplasm DNA RNA enzymes are found. In nucleoplasm there is round structure of ribonucleoprotein, which is called nucleolus. Nucleolus forms ribosomes. In nucleoplasm there is net like structures of fine thread, which is called chromatin network or simply called as chromatin. During cell division, this network gives fine separate thread like structures called chromosome.
There are two types of chromatin:
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